The ROHS/WEEE Directives
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Directives 2002/95/EC on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment and 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment are designed to tackle the fast increasing waste stream of electrical and electronic equipment and complements European Union measures on landfill and incineration of waste.
Increased recycling of electrical and electronic equipment will limit the total quantity of waste going to final disposal. Producers will be responsible for taking back and recycling electrical and electronic equipment. This will provide incentives to design electrical and electronic equipment in an environmentally more efficient way, which takes waste management aspects fully into account.
Consumers will be able to return their equipment free of charge. In order to prevent the generation of hazardous waste, Directive 2002/95/EC requires the substitution of various heavy metals (lead, mercury, cadmium, and hexavalent chromium) and brominated flame retardants (polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) or polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE)) in new electrical and electronic equipment put on the market from 1 July 2006.
Difference between ROHS and WEEE
1. ROHS does not apply to Batteries (Restriction on the USE of Hazardous Substances)
It concerns the restriction on the use of lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium in Electrical & Electronic Equipment. The marketing restriction of products made of those chemicals is mandatory after July 2006. The exemption facts follow in provision.
2. WEEE applies to Batteries (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment)
It requests the selective Separation of spent batteries from WEEE.
It applies from January 2006.